For example, if Company A is based in the U.S. and wishes to use the EUR/USD trading pair to buy Euros to pay employees located in Europe, they would tap the forex market. However, if the price quote rapidly changes between several hours and Company A is set to exchange a large sum of USD for EUR, then a small adverse price fluctuation could have a significant impact on their bottom line.
The spread for EUR/GBP rises to 0.8532-0.8533 and you decide to sell your euros back into pounds at the bid price of 0.8532. The €10,000 you previously bought is now therefore sold for £8532. Your profit on this transaction is £8532 minus the original cost of buying the euros (£8415) which is £117. Note that your profit is always determined in the second currency of the forex pair.
Either way you don’t have to provide the full currency value to open your position. Instead you put down a margin deposit, which is a fraction of the full value. And you don’t actually buy or sell any currency: you are opening a speculative position on the change in value of the forex pair. Your profit or loss is realised when you close your position by selling or buying.
The optimal time to trade the forex (Foreign Exchange) market is when it's at its most active levels, when trading spreads (the differences between bid prices and the ask prices) tend to narrow. In these situations, less money goes towards the market makers who facilitate currency trades, leaving more money for the buying and selling investors to personally pocket.
On this page, you will find our tandem Forex and World Stock Market Hours Maps. The forex map displays all four forex trading sessions and their overlaps. The stock market map displays the trading hours for major global stock exchanges. The current hour’s time frame is indicated by the dark blue column on both maps, and the time zone is GMT. Use the key below each map to get information on impending market openings and closings.
The EURUSD has dragged back down after what was a relatively strong run higher into the NY session. The price has just moved back below a broken trend line (tilt lower) and the 1.1300 level as well. The price is currently testing the 38.2% of the days range the 50% is at 1.1286 which corresponds with earlier highs this week from Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. A move below that level would negate a lot of the bullish momentum seen ealier today.
The need to exchange currencies is the primary reason why the forex market is the largest, most liquid financial market in the world. It dwarfs other markets in size, even the stock market, with an average traded value of around U.S. $2,000 billion per day. (The total volume changes all the time, but as of August 2012, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) reported that the forex market traded in excess of U.S. $4.9 trillion per day.)